WHAT IS WHOLESALE BREEDERS & BROKERS?

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Wholesale breeders are classified as Class 'A' Dealers with United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Anyone who breeds and sells puppies for the wholesale pet market (pet stores), is a wholesale breeder.

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Wholesale breeders normally sell their puppies to brokers. Brokers are classified as Class 'B' Dealers with USDA. A broker can be a breeder also, and more often than not, they are. Their primary business is buying all of the puppies that a breeder can produce. This is the middleman who buys and sells the animals. It includes brokers (i.e. sells to pet stores), bunchers and operators of auction sales. They sell the puppies to the pet shops.

Pet store puppies usually originate at USDA puppy farms where the pups will be booked with a broker shortly after their birth. The breeder calls the broker and tells them what breed, color and size of puppies they have. The puppies are then sold to brokers (middle men) when they are 8 weeks old. Broker vans, cars, trucks and SUVs book an appointment with the breeders, usually meeting them in one centralized location in their area, such as a truck port alongside the interstate. The broker vehicle then moves on to the next stop, usually another truck port 20 miles or so down the road. The broker vehicle spends the day picking up puppies, and then transport them to the broker's facility.

After the broker books the puppies, shortly after their birth, they begin contacting pet stores they are contracted with and faxing them a list of puppies they will have available in the near future. The pet store places their order, and when the broker's pick-up vehicle arrives, packed full of puppies, the pups are settled in, checked by a vet, and held for a minimum of 24 hours, as required by USDA. The broker arranges the transport of the pups ordered by pet stores, and the puppies are then shipped to the pet stores that ordered them.

Dealers outside of the United States are not regulated by the USDA. They generally purchase large amounts of puppies from puppy-mills and backyard breeders and ship them to a Import Broker here in the United States for resell.

Before the invention of microwave ovens, we had 'ovens'. Now the 'old fashioned ovens' are called Conventional Ovens. Before the invention push button phones, we had 'phones'. Now the 'old fashioned phones' are known as Rotary Phones. Before the 'invention' of puppy mills, we had 'breeders'. Now the 'old fashioned breeders' are known as Reputable Breeders. Throughout this site I refer to the word 'breeders' many times. Please be advised that unless I say Reputable Breeder I am referring to Wholesale Breeders.

Once the puppies arrive at the pet store, they are either put on display almost immediately, or in some states, they are required to be quarantined for a short time before being offered for sale. For most puppies in pet stores, they have been shuffled around between dozens of hands and travel thousands of miles, exposed to hundreds of other puppies -- many sick with various diseases. All of this occurs between their 8th and 9th week of life. This stressful time, and exposure to diseases, often leaves pet store puppies with virtually no natural antibodies against viruses, bacteria, and parasites.

For additional information about USDA licensing and legislation pertaining to wholesale vs. retail sales, you can read the Animal Welfare Act for a more detailed description of wholesale breeders. Also you can find animal specific laws at your own state.

Wholesale breeders normally sell their puppies to brokers. Brokers are classified as Class 'B' Dealers with USDA. A broker can be a breeder also, and more often than not, they are. Their primary business is buying all of the puppies that a breeder can produce. They sell the puppies to the pet shops. Some brokers put restrictions on puppies with defects such as, under-bite, overbite, cryptorchid, hernia, etc. but normally a breeder in good standing with their broker can sell these puppies at a reduced price to the broker.

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